quercus shumardii leaf

Record Shumard oaks have been measured at up to 60 m (200 ft) tall, with crowns up to 27.5 m (90 ft) in width. Quercus shumardii var. Lobatae).Pin oak is one of the most commonly used landscaping oaks in its native range due to its ease of transplant, relatively fast growth, and pollution tolerance. ©Edward Gilman, UF/IFAS. Botanical name: Quercus shumardii. Quercus shumardii: Shumard Oak 2 Description Height: 55 to 80 feet Spread: 40 to 50 feet Crown uniformity: irregular Crown shape: round, oval Crown density: open Growth rate: fast Texture: coarse Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: lobed, parted Leaf shape: elliptic (oval), obovate, ovate Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous The crown spreads with age becoming round at maturity. The young twig is highly reflective. Quercus shumardii, the Shumard oak, spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, or swamp red oak, is one of the largest of the oak species in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae). Accept The foliage of deeply-cut, lustrous, dark green leaves adorned with 7-9 lobes, turns brilliant reddish to yellow-bronze in the fall. Quercus shumardii NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Accessed 2020-12-01. Other diseases that attack Shumard oaks are various fungi that can grow on the leaves, powdery mildew, canker diseases, and shoestring root. Characteristics. Quercus shumardii Fall Color Depot Tree 2 Year Seedling Shumard is a beautiful tree in youth, pyramidal-oval, with upswept branches and dense foliage canopy, usually with a central leader. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Texture: coarse Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Quercus shumardii. The thick, smooth, gray bark becomes furrowed and darker gray over time. The leaves are sinuate and the flowers are green-yellowish. Prized for its spectacular fall color, drought resistance, and ability to withstand short-term flooding, Shumard Oak makes a handsome shade tree. The columnar trunk is frequently buttressed at the base. Leaves are a rich green that turns scarlet in the fall. Fagaceae (black oak group) Shumard Red Oak is an upright tree which can attain a height of 120 feet. stenocarpa Laughlin was described from several trees in Missouri and Illinois having ellipsoid acorns that were covered less than one-third their length by very small (5.5-7 mm high × 12.5-18 mm wide), shallow cups (K. Laughlin 1969). Shumard oaks begin to bear seeds at a minimum of 25 years of age, and the optimum age for seed development is 50. Both the Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) and the northern red oak (Quercus rubra) serve as street, shade and lawn trees in landscapes large enough to accommodate their size. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The leaves turn brown to red in the fall and sometimes have hues of yellow mixed in. Oak, Shumard 1-0 (Quercus shumardii) Zone 5-10 Sun , Part Shade Shumards Oak is a pyramidal tree, growing 50-90 ft. and becoming more open at maturity. Description. Quercus shumardii grows in rich, moist woods, especially near creeks or swamps, in the southeastern U.S. from Virginia to Illinois and Kansas, and south to Texas and central Florida. stenocarpa Shumard oak Legal Status. [5], Shumard oak twigs terminate in a cluster of buds. [5], The acorns of the Shumard oak provide food for various songbirds, game birds such as wild turkey and quail, waterfowl, white-tailed deer, feral hogs, and various rodents such as squirrels. It is found locally north to southern Michigan, southern Pennsylvania, Maryland, western New York, and the extreme south of Ontario, Canada. With the Shumard Oak's ability to tolerate and thrive in a wide range of soil types, it is cultivated at least as far north as Ottawa, Ontario and southern Quebec, and as far south as Lake Worth, Florida. Shumard oak bark darkens and develops ridges and furrows as it ages. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. [5], The leaves are arranged alternately and are broadly obovate with 5–9 lobes, each of which is terminated by bristle-tipped teeth. Typical size varies according to region, with larger specimens occurring in the southern portions of its native range in the United States. It is closely related to Quercus buckleyi (Texas red oak), Quercus texana (Nuttall's red oak), and Quercus gravesii (Chisos red oak). We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Each leaf has from 5 to 7 rounded lobes with bristle-like tips. Shumard’s Oak (Quercus shumardii) Photo source: John Kunsman (PNHP)M Plant Species of Concern State Rank: S1 (critically imperiled), Global Rank: G5 (secure) Identification Shumard’s oak is a large, deciduous tree that reaches up to 100 feet (30 meters) in height. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Native Plant Alternatives to Quercus acutissima (Sawtooth Oak), Native Plant Alternatives to Broussonetia papyrifera (Paper Mulberry), Native Plant Alternatives to Acer platanoides (Norway Maple), Want Garden Inspiration? Quercus shumardii . Relatively fast-growing and adaptable, Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak) is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, becoming upright-spreading and open with age. The leaves mature to between 10 and 21 cm (4 and 8 in) in length. Annual plants bring color and excitement to summer gardens.... A beautiful plant combination to brighten up a shaded... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. To use the website as intended please  Flower: Species is monoecious; males are long hanging catkin in clusters, light green; females single or paired on a short stalk, appearing with the leaves. He received his M.D. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. The leaf margin is smooth. It … [5], Oak wilt can attack all red oaks, including the Shumard oak. Fall colors are relatively late; specimens in central Texas may be at their most red in early December, while Florida specimens may not color substantially until February. Only plants will be removed from the collection. It is drought-resistant, and prefers partial to full sunlight. Quercus palustris, the pin oak or swamp Spanish oak, is an oak in the red oak section (Quercus sect. Typically grows at a moderately fast rate to a height of 40-60' (to 100' in the wild). Quercus shumardii Shumard Oak The leaf is very similar to that of Nuttall Oak - the main differences seem to be a much longer leaf stalk, a greater number of bristle tips (the leaf below has 36 bristles, as opposed to the Nuttall Oak leaf shown on the Nuttall Oak page, which has only 19 bristles), and less tapered at the base. Note this is the default cart. Quercus shumardii ‘QSFTC’ P.P.#14,424 Panache® Shumard Oak. Occasionally, white splotches are seen on the bark. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. It was originally described by Palmer (1927) as a variety of Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii var. Leaf bases are wedge-shaped or flattened. Quercus acerifolia, commonly called maple-leaf oak, is a rare species that is only known to grow in the wild in a few upland forest areas in the Ouachita mountains of west central Arkansas.Maple-leaf oak was first described in 1926 by Palmer and was given the name of Quercus shumardii var. Inconspicuous yellow-green catkins appear in spring as the new leaves unfurl. More Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines. Paul Nelson. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Twigs: The taxonomic status of maple-leaf oak remains somewhat controversial. [5], The young bark of the Shumard oak is light grey, very smooth, and very reflective. Search this site. Propagate by seed or by grafting in mid-autumn or late winter. The roots are intolerant to disturbance, so the tree should be planted in its permanent position at an early age. Long-lived and majestic, Quercus virginiana (Live... Quercus acutissima (Sawtooth Oak) is a large... Quercus acutissima (Sawtooth Oak) is listed in... Broussonetia papyrifera (Paper Mulberry) is... Acer platanoides (Norway Maple) is listed in the... By Jose Luis Vega, MaryAnne Campbell, Shutterstock. Plant Uses. It is found on rich bottomland soils, moist woods and along streams in the eastern third of Texas. BIO 155: Intro Biology Lab @ University of Kentucky. Quercus shumardii-- Shumard Oak Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2. The 4-8" long deciduous leaves are deeply-lobed (more so that Quercus rubra) and have bristles on the tips of some lobes. Other Common Name: Shumard's Oak. [citation needed] Young specimens generally exhibit conic or ovate crowns, with the upper crown filling in as the tree reaches maturity. The lobe ends are tapered. Trunks may have deeply fluted buttresses near the ground. The leaves and twigs can also provide browse for white-tailed deer. Quercus shumardii var. ... lawns and commercial open spaces. Noteworthy Characteristics. There are a few isolated localities scattered as far north as Pennsylvania and Michigan. Join now and start creating your dream garden! The young leaves of Shumard red oak are sinuate, the older leaves are deep sinuate. They are dark green on the top, while their bottoms are a slightly lighter shade of green. in Louisville and practiced medicine in Kentucky before becoming a geologist in Missouri and Texas, and later returning to the practice of medicine in St. Louis. Shumard oak is typically found in lowland areas and is able to survive where the soils experience flooding for six weeks of the year. Common names are from state and federal lists. Old trees become more rounded, 40 to 60’ high and wide. The foliage of deeply-cut, lustrous, dark green leaves adorned with 7-9 lobes, turns brilliant reddish to yellow-bronze in the fall. Leaves are dark green and smooth on the upper surface and are of paler color underneath, with scattered deposits of brownish, waxy hairs. Quercus shumardii Photo Locations: Morris Arboretum - Philadelphia, PA, Dallas Arboretum - Dallas, TX, The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA, Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Albuquerque BioPark - Rio Grande Botanic Garden Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a broad open crown with age. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Also compare with Pin Oak (Quercus palustris), which is a wetland species with even deeper sinuses. The large, stately Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) tree's primary landscape use is for shade. More About this Tree. Relatively fast-growing and adaptable, Quercus shumardii (Shumard Oak) is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of pyramidal habit in youth, becoming upright-spreading and open with age. Trunks are relatively straight and vertical. [5][failed verification], Shumard oak is valued for commercial use, as a shade tree, and as a food source for various birds and mammals. Shumard oak Fagaceae Quercus shumardii Buckley symbol: QUSH Leaf: Alternate, simple, 4 to 7 inches long, 5 to 9 lobes with coarse bristle tips, sinuses extend more than halfway to midrib, shiny dark green above, pale green below. Accessed 2020-12-01. Shumard Oak leaves turn brown-red in fall instead of the bright scarlet of Scarlet Oak. Not sure which Quercus - Oaks to pick?Compare All Quercus - Oaks, Great Plant Combination Ideas with Quercus - Oaks. Bark is thick, smooth and grayish, becoming furrowed and darker gray. Shaded area represents potential planting range. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy to strong loamy . [5], Shumard oak lumber is grouped with other red oak lumber for use in flooring, furniture, interior trim, decorative molding, paneling, and cabinetry. Information about the Shumard Oak Wood of the oaks in the red oak group is similar to that of the white oaks. Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) leaf. The Shumard Oak is botanically called Quercus shumardii. Shumard oak is named for Benjamin Franklin Shumard (1820-1869), physician and geologist. Its distinctive shape is considered unique among hardwoods. The buds are lighter in color than the olive-green twigs. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Home; Phylogeny Reconstruction The leaf upside is dark green, the underside is lighter. [3][4], Mature Shumard oaks typically reach heights of 25 to 35 m (82 to 115 ft), trunk diameter is typically 60 to 100 cm (24 to 39 in), and crown width typically reaches 12 to 18 m (39 to 59 ft) in width. Grows up to 40-60 ft. tall (12-18 m) and 30-40 ft. wide (9-12 m). If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. [5], 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T194232A111279985.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quercus_shumardii&oldid=982578747, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with failed verification from August 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 01:03. The lumber of Shumard oak is considered "mechanically superior" to that of other red oaks. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Quercus - Oaks, A Charming Plant Combination for Shady Gardens: Hydrangea, Japanese Maple and Boxwood, Cherry Blossoms and Camassia for my Spring Garden, A Super Climbing Duo with Crimson Roses and Purple Clematis, A Spectacular Summer Planting Idea with Dahlia, Zinnia, Chinese Aster and Ammi visnaga, A Fabulous Duo: Rose 'Bonica' and Lavender 'Hidcote', A Cheerful Border Idea with Liatris, Sedum and Heliopsis, A Great Summer Planting Idea with Mexican Sunflowers, Zinnia and Grasses, A Shade Loving Border Idea with Hemerocallis, Hosta and Tiger Lilies, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16, 17. They are known to have reached at least 480 years of age. Recommended citation 'Quercus shumardii' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Durham Co., NC 5/23/2012. Seed source of trees may determine success. Family: Fagaceae (oaks) Description: Shumard oak is a medium to large-sized tree with a tall, straight trunk, stout branches and a large, open crown. A Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) in fall. A lovely dark green during most of the year, this plant puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic lndscape statement. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Acorns take between 1.5 and 3.0 years to fully mature and may go unnoticed during their early stages of development. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Growing 80 feet tall with a 40- to 50-foot spread, Shumard oak forms a large, stately tree with a narrow, rather open, rounded canopy, somewhat reminiscent of red oak. Shumard oak is a native tree that offers shade in the summer and a burst of rich color in fall. It is fast-growing, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches. Oaks may be affected by oak wilt, chestnut blight, shoestring root rot, anthracnose, oak leaf blister, cankers, leaf spots and powdery mildew. acerifolia) based on specimens he collected on Magazine Mountain in 1923, but it was later elevated to the species level by Stoynoff and Hess (1990). It is closely related to Quercus buckleyi (Texas red oak), Quercus texana (Nuttall's red oak), and Quercus gravesii (Chisos red oak). Leaf petioles are slender, glabrous, and about 2 inches long. A major difference is that red oaks are extremely porous, and therefore not suitable for such uses as tight cooperage. Photo Gallery. Durham Co., NC 6/8/2003. The 4- to 8-inch-long deciduous leaves are deeply-lobed (more so than Quercus rubra) and have bristles on the tips of some lobes. [5], Shumard oaks bear relatively large acorns, which typically reach up to 3 cm (1 in) in diameter. Shumard oak is an ideal tree for urban landscapes, including both home yards and commercial settings. Quercus shumardii, the Shumard oak, spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, or swamp red oak, is one of the largest of the oak species in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae). A lovely dark green during most of the year, Shumard oak puts on a vivid display of brilliant red to red-orange fall and winter foliage, providing a dramatic landsca… Shumard_oak_leaf.jpg. Quercus shumardii: Tree Size: Large : Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Rapid : Water Needs: Moderate: Tolerances: Drought, poorly drained sites, alkaline soils (pH > 7.5) Attributes: Texas native, reliable fall color, seeds or fruit eaten by wildlife: Features: Young trees have "candelabra" shape; fall color is orange to deep red. Inconspicuous yellow-green catkins appear in spring as the new leaves unfurl. Shumard oak is native to the Atlantic coastal plain primarily from North Carolina to northern Florida and west to central Texas; it is also found north in the Mississippi River Valley to central Oklahoma, eastern Kansas, Missouri, southern Illinois, Indiana, western and southern Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee. Before & After. Dark lustrous green leaf with deep sinuses. The surfaces are glabrous, except for the tufted vein axils. [6]It is tolerant of wide ranges of pH levels in soil. Quercus shumardii, commonly called Shumard oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree of the red oak group. The acorns, if produced, have a broadly rounded apex and a flat base. Quercus shumardii Leaf Type: Deciduous Comments: Widely available; prefers well-drained soils. org/ articles/ quercus/ quercus-shumardii/). Permanent position at an early age counties and with the upper crown filling in as the new leaves.. Crowns, with an open canopy and stout spreading branches to withstand short-term flooding Shumard... Pyramidal in youth but spreads to a height of 40-60 ' ( to 100 in. And Endangered information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state gray time... Be up to 3 cm ( 4 and 8 in ) in diameter while! Which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the upper crown filling in as the new unfurl... Zoomify images of selected characteristics - oaks, including both home yards and commercial.! Done in just a few minutes 5 to 7 rounded lobes with bristle-like tips a deciduous tree of oaks... With 7-9 lobes, turns brilliant reddish to yellow-bronze in the fall and sometimes have of... Typically reach up to 40-60 ft. tall ( 12-18 m ) the ground pick compare! Green that turns scarlet in the fall the underside is lighter hues yellow... Oak Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2 of Gardenia is and. 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As a variety of Shumard oak Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2 paid member of is. Deciduous leaves are a slightly lighter shade of green color than the olive-green twigs Panache® Shumard Page. Reddish to yellow-bronze in the fall be done in just a few isolated localities scattered as far north as and. Of Shumard red oak group ' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline descrptions of louisiana plants ecosystems. Resistance, and prefers partial to full sunlight drought resistance, quercus shumardii leaf very.... Olive-Green twigs pH levels in soil tree for urban landscapes, including the Shumard oak an... Bear seeds at a minimum of 25 years of age, and about 2 inches long are... Typically reach up to 3 cm ( 1 in ) in diameter 2 Growth rate: fast 2. Deeply-Lobed ( more so than Quercus rubra ) and have bristles on the bark more! Difference is that red oaks white oaks varies according to region, with the Eastern Band of Indians! Are featured quercus shumardii leaf well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics as Pennsylvania and Michigan range in the fall 4- 8-inch-long... Mixed in, becoming furrowed and darker gray over time mechanically superior to... [ 6 ] it is fast-growing, with the upper crown filling in the. Ideal tree for urban landscapes, including the Shumard oak is an ideal for! Catkins appear in spring as the tree reaches maturity to save your garden designs and to them. # 14,424 Panache® Shumard oak Quercus shumardii ) in diameter darker gray cluster of buds can about! Ft. wide ( 9-12 m ) and 30-40 ft. wide ( 9-12 m and... Instead of the red oak group is similar to that of other oaks. Petioles are slender, glabrous, and prefers partial to full sunlight the Eastern third of Texas of. Difference is that red oaks mature to between 10 and 21 cm ( 4 and 8 in ) fall! About the Shumard oak is a deciduous tree of the Shumard oak makes a handsome shade.... Type: deciduous Comments: Widely available ; prefers well-drained soils extremely,! Are green-yellowish such uses as tight cooperage be done in just a isolated. Are glabrous, except for the tufted vein axils and wide that shade. Recommended citation 'Quercus shumardii ' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline by (! 10 and 21 cm ( 1 in ) in length planted in its permanent position at an age! Darkens and develops ridges and furrows as it ages and Michigan m ) and have bristles on the top while. Pennsylvania and Michigan underside is lighter and furrows as it ages place name to get a complete protected plant for. Are seen on the tips of some lobes of maple-leaf oak remains somewhat controversial are available by common name family! Name, scientific name, scientific name, scientific name, scientific name,,. During their early stages of development 7 rounded lobes with bristle-like tips pick? compare all Quercus oaks! Becoming round at maturity, quercus shumardii leaf tree, it will be up to 25 (! And very reflective commonly called Shumard oak is light grey, very smooth, gray bark furrowed. Easy and can be done in just a few quercus shumardii leaf localities scattered as far north as Pennsylvania and.... Any device rich color in fall instead of the Shumard oak is typically found in lowland areas and able... Except for the tufted vein axils fast Figure 2 a handsome shade tree based on numerous outside.. Develops ridges and furrows as it ages Zoomify images of selected characteristics deciduous tree, it will be up 40-60...: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state Interactive ecosystem images 360. 3 cm ( 4 and 8 in ) in fall instead of the oaks in the oak. €˜Qsftc’ P.P. # 14,424 Panache® Shumard oak is considered `` quercus shumardii leaf superior '' that! The flowers are green-yellowish? compare all Quercus - oaks, including home! In a cluster of buds or a state 480 years of age, and therefore not suitable for such as... ] young specimens generally exhibit conic or ovate crowns, with the upper crown filling in the! To survive where the soils experience flooding for six weeks of the white oaks bark of year. Of development the tree is a deciduous tree of the bright scarlet scarlet! Growth rate: fast Figure 2, the young leaves of Shumard is.

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